Although there is no cure for lupus, for the vast majority of people
with the disease effective treatment can minimize symptoms, reduce
inflammation, and maintain normal bodily functions. Medications
often are prescribed for people with lupus, depending on which organ(s)
are involved, and the severity of involvement. Commonly prescribed
Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) – These drugs,
such as aspirin and ibuprofen, are usually recommended for muscle
and joint pain, and arthritis.
Acetaminophen – A mild analgesic used for pain, such as
Corticosteroids – Synthetically produced corticosteroids,
such as Prednisone, are used to reduce inflammation and suppress
activity of the immune system.
Antimalarials – These drugs, such as Plaquenil, are prescribed
for skin and joint symptoms of lupus. It may take months before
these drugs demonstrate a beneficial effect.
Immunomodulating Drugs – These drugs, such as Imuran and
Cytoxan, act in a similar manner to the corticosteroid drugs in
that they suppress inflammation and tend to suppress the immune
Biologic Drugs – These drugs include agents that block the
production of specific antibodies, like those against DNA, or agents
that act to suppress the manufacture of antibodies through other
People with lupus can make lifestyle adjustments that help fight
the disease and provide an improved sense of well being. Preventive
measures can reduce the risk of flares.
For photosensitive patients, avoidance of (excessive) sun exposure
and/or the regular application of sunscreens will usually prevent
Regular exercise helps prevent muscle weakness and fatigue.
Immunization protects against specific infections.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle – get plenty of rest, reduce
stress, eat a balanced diet, and quit smoking.